Chapter 24
Effects of Ashtakavarga according to Horasara
Note — Horasara is a recognised work on Hindu Astrology written by Prithuyasas, son of Varahamlhira. Its English translation done by Mr. R. Santhanam has been published by Ranjan Publications, the Publishers of this book.
1. The 9th sign reckoned from the sign occupied by the Sun is called the house of lather. Multiply the benefic bindus in that house by the figure denoting the Sodhyapinda
Note — After the trikona and ekadhipatya reductions have been made in any Ashtaka Varga, the sumtotal of all the remaining figures is called the sodhyapinda in that Ashtakavarga (vide verse 3 infra).
2. The figure so arrived at should be divided by 27. When Saturn passes through the nakshatra represented by treat figure, in course of his transit, something untoward will happen to the father of the native.
3. Or when Saturn in the course of his transit passes through the nakshatra in trine to the nakshatra aforesaid, the death of the father or a similar elderly relation may be expected. The sumtotal of the figures remaining after the 2 reductions is known a sodhyapinda.
4. The death of the father takes place in the dasa of the lord of the navamsa in which the lord of the 4th house is posited. The same may happen to the father or a similar elderly relative of the native in the dasa of the lord of the 4th house.
56. Add 8 to the sodhyapinda of the Sun's Ashtakavarga and divide the figure so arrived at by 12. When the Sun passes in the course of his transit through the sign represented by the remainder (counted from Aries) or its triangular sign, the death of the father may be expected. A wise man should thus fix up with the helptof all the other planets the demise in other cases.
7. Multiply the number of benefic bindus in the sign 4th from the Moon. In the Ashtakavarga of the Moon, by the figure of the sodhyapinda in the Ashtakavarga of the Moon. Divide the product by 27. When Saturn in the course of his transit passes through the nakshatra represented by the remainder (counted from Aswini) or its triangular nakshatra, the death of the mother may be expected.
8. Note the position in navamsas of the lords of the 4th and the 8th houses from the Moon. The death of the mother of the native takes place, when the Sun in the course of his transit passes through a position triangular to those, the death of the mother may be expected.
Note the position of the navamsas of the lord of the 4th and the 8th houses from the Lagna. The death of the father takes place when the Sun in the course of his transit passes through a position triangular to these navamsa signs.
9. In the Ashtakavarga of Mars, note the number of benefic bindus in the sign 3rd to the sign occupied by Mars. The native will have the same number of brothers.
In the Ashtakavarga of Mercury, note the number of benefic bindus in the house 4th to that occupied by Mercury. The native will have the same number of relations or maternal uncles.
10. In the Ashtakavarga of Jupiter, the number of children will be the same as the number of benefic bindus in the house 5th to that occupied by Jupiter. From that number take away as many benefic bindus of planets as are occupying inimical or depression houses. The remainder will represent the number of children the native may expect.
11. In the Ashtakavarga of Jupiter add up all the benefic bindus remaining after the trikona and ekadhipatya sodhana and from this sum deduct the number of bindus in the malefic signs. The number of the children the native will have will be represented by the remainder.
12. In the Ashtakavarga of Venus note the sign containing the largest number of benefic bindus. If the wile of the native be born in the direction of the quarter indicated by that sign, increase of progeny through her is assumed. If the number of benefic bindus be meagre, wealth or progeny through her will be poor.
13. In the Ashtakavarga of Saturn, multiply the sodhyapinda figure by the number of benefic bindus In the house 8th from the Lagna and divide the product by 27. The death of the native may be expected when Jupiter or Saturn In the course of his transit passes through the nakshatra (counted from Aswini) indicated by the remainder.
14. In the Ashtakavarga of Saturn add up the number of benefic bindus in the houses from the Lagna to that occupied by Saturn both Inclusive. In the same way add up the benefic bindus in the houses from Saturn to the Lagna both Inclusive. The years indicated by these figures will bring distress, danger or disaster to the native.
15. The figure Indicating the sodhyapinda In the Ashtakavarga of Saturn be multiplied by the figure indicated by the number of benefic bindus in the 8th house form the Lagna. Divide the product by 27. The figure so arrived at will indicate total number of years of the longevity of the native. The time of death may be determined according to principles already described (see verse 13).
Tiikona sodhana
1617. Note — Now we come to the method of working out trikona sodhana. This, is an important part of the ashtakavarga scheme. Before we come to what Shri Mantreshwara has said about it, we will acquaint the readers with some points which will facilitate the clear understanding of the trikona sodhana.
Aries, Leo and Sagittarius are triangular signs: The other triangular signs are Aries, Virgo and Capricorn; Gemini. Libra and Aquarius and Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces.
We have already described how the Ashtakavarga is prepared there are seven Ashtakavargas viz., those of the Sun, the Moon, Mars. Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn. Trikona sodhana (rectification) is carried out in all the seven Ashtakavargas. For example, if we have to carry out trikona sodhana of the Sun's Ashtakavarga, we should note the number of benefic bindus in all the three triangular signs — Aries, Leo and Sagittarius.
There are 3 benefic bindus in Aries, 5 in Leo and 4 in Sagittarius.
There is great difference of opinion amongst the ancient learneds about the method of trikona sodhana. They are given below:
(1) The first view is that amongst the three signs deduct the figure of least number of bindus in a sign from the figures of bindus of the other two signs. In the Sun's Ashtakavarga Aries has 3 bindus, Leo 5 and Sagittarius 4. Amongst these three signs Aries has the least number of bindus. Deduct this from the figures of Leo's bindus viz., 5 i.e. 53=2. Similarly deduct 3 from 4 the figure of bindus of Sagittarius, that is 43=1. In Aries there will be 33=0
Similarly in the next set of triangular signs Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn, Taurus has 7 bindus, Virgo 3 and Capricorn 3. Virgo and Capricorn has the least number of bindus. Thus as result of trikona sodhana Taurus will have 73=4 bindus, Virgo 33=0 bindus and Capricorn 33=0 bindus.
As regards Gemini, Libra and Aquarius, Gemini has 4, Libra 4 and Aquarius 6 in the Sun's Ashtakavarga. Gemini and Libra have the least number of bindus. Therefore as a result of trikona sodhana Aquarius will have 54=1, Libra 44=0 and Gemini 44 = 0 bindus.
SARVASHTAKAVARGA
Sun 
3 
7 
4 
4 
5 
3 
4 
5 
4 
3 
5 
1 
48 
Moon 
4 
5 
4 
4 
6 
6 
3 
1 
3 
6 
3 
4 
49 
Mars 
4 
4 
3 
2 
5 
4 
4 
2 
2 
4 
3 
2 
39 
Mercury 
4 
5 
4 
4 
5 
6 
4 
5 
5 
4 
4 
4 
54 
Jupiter 
5 
5 
4 
4 
7 
7 
2 
5 
6 
5 
3 
3 
56 
Venus 
4 
3 
6 
5 
5 
4 
5 
4 
3 
4 
6 
3 
52 
Saturn 
2 
4 
3 
1 
7 
6 
4 
3 
1 
3 
3 
2 
39 
Total 
26 
33 
28 
24 
40 
36 
26 
25 
24 
29 
27 
19 
337 
In the fourth set of triangular signs in the the Sun's Ashtakavarga, Cancer has 4, Scorpio 5 and Pisces 1. Pisces has the Least number of bindus. Therefore as a result of trikona sodhana. Cancer will be 41=3, Scorpio 51=4 and Pisces 11=0 bindus.
Thus the following principles are to be observed in trikona sodhana:—
(a) Of the three triangular signs, the figure of the sign having the least number of bindus, has to be deducted from the figures of all the signs and the remainder will represent the final rectified figure of the signs.
(b) No change is necessary in the figures of the other signs if one of the signs has 0 bindus.
(e) If the figures of all the three signs are the same, then that figure should be deducted from the feaures of all the seris, that result having been that all the signs will have Zero as remainders.
Above view is that of Parasara. Now we give another view in regard to trikona sodhana.
Suppose we have to do trikona sodhana in the Sun's Ashtakavarga. Aries has 3 bindus, Leo 5 and Sagittarius 4. The smallest figure is 3. Therefore according to this view the figures of all the three signs should be adopted as 3.
Taurus has 7 bindus, Virgo 3 and Capricorn 3. 3 being the smallest figure, this may be adopted for all the three signs.
In the Sun's Ashtakavarga, Gemini has 4, Libra 4 and Aquarius 5. 4 should be adopted for all these three signs.
Cancer has 4, Scorpio 5 and Pisces 1 bindus. Here the figure 1 should be adopted for all the three signs.
The above is the view of Shri Balabhadra as given in his book Hora Ratna.
Now we give the view of Shri Mantreshwara as laid down in verses 1617.
(1) Of the three signs in a trikona group, find which sign contains the least number of benefic bindus. The figures in the other two sings should be reduced to that extent. If there be no bindus in any sign, no such reduction will be necessary in the other two signs of the triangular group.
(2) If there be no bindus in two of the signs of a group, remove the figures in the third. When all the three signs of a group have the same number of bindus, remove all.
Notes — Here it will be relevant to quote the views of Jataka Parijat also (1) In the Ashtakavarga of any one of the Sun and other planets take the signs by the triangular groups (i) Aries, Leo, Sagittarius, (ii) Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn (iii) Gemini, Libra, Aquarius and (iv) (Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces; and examine the benefic bindus in the 3 signs composing any group. If in any one sign of a group, the number of benefic bindus be less than that in each of the remaining two, or equal to that in each of the other two or be zero, the same will have to be substracted from the number of benefic bindus in each of the three signs of the group chosen.
(2) If a sign in a triangular group has the least number of bindus, the other two signs must have their benefic bindus altered into this least number. If a sign has no benefic bindus, the remaining signs of the same group will keep their figures unaltered. If all the signs of a triangular group have the same number of benefic bindus they must all be removed (i.e., replaced by zero).
Ekadhipatya Sodhana
18. Ekadhipatya sodhana should be undertaken after carrying out the trikona sodhana. When both the houses owned by a planet contain benefic bindus, then only this rectification would be called for.
19. Of the two signs having a common lord, if one alone be occupied and contain a less number of benefic bindus than the number in the other, the figure in the latter is to be made equal to the former.
20. If one of the two signs owned by the same planet be occupied and has more benefic bindus than the other, remove the figure in the latter. If two signs only one of which is occupied, contain the same number of benefic bindus, the figure in the unoccupied sign should be removed.
21. If both the signs owned by a planet be unoccupied and have the same number of benefic bindus, the figures of both should be removed. If both the signs owned by a planet, be occupied by planets, no rectification will be necessary.
22. No rectification is called for if one of the two signs (whether occupied or unoccupied), contain no benefic dots. If both the signs be unoccupied and have an unequal number of benefic bindus the greater figure is to be replaced by the lesser one.
23. The net figure after the two rectifications in the several signs are required to be multiplied each into its sign factors (Rasi mana). The net figures in the signs that are associated with the Sun and other planets are to be multiplied by the appropriate planetary factors (or Grahamana).
The multipliers of the signs and planets 25. The multipliers of the various signs are as under
Aries 
7 
Libra 
7 
Taurus 
10 
Scorpio 
8 
Gemini 
8 
Sagittarius 
9 
Cancer 
4 
Capricorn 
5 
Leo 
10 
Aquarius 
11 
Virgo 
5 
Pisces 
12 
These are called sign or rasi multipliers. The multipliers in respect of the planets are different.
26. The multipliers of the various planets are as under:
Sun 
5 
Jupiter 
10 
Moon 
5 
Venus 
7 
Mars 
8 
Saturn 
5 
Mercury 
5 


The multiplication by the planet or Graha factors should be effected separately and should be treated as distinct from the sign or rasi. Multiplication.
27. After multiplying and then adding the two products, the total should again be multiplied by 7 and divided by 27. The quotient obtained will be the Ayus (span of life) in years contributed by that planet.
28. The remainder multiplied by 12 and divided by 27 will indicate the months. The remaindec after this operation should be multiplied by 30 and divided by 27 to get the days and to get the Ghatikas etc., 27 years constitute a mandala Some reductions have to be made further.
2930. The period contributed by a planet has to be reduced as follows:
(1) By half if the planet is in conjuction with another planet.
(2) By half if the planet is in his sign of debilitation or combust.
(3) By one third if the planet occupies an inimical sign
(4) By one third if the planet occupies house in the visible half of the horizon.
(5) By one third if a planet gets defeated in planetary war or occupies a position within the Pata range of the Sun and the Moon.
3132. When several reductions have to be made in the case of a single planet, only one and that the greatest should be made. All the figures should then be added up and the sum total should be multiplied by 324.
The product should then be divided by 365. The quotient will be the correct rectified Ayus contributed severally by the planets and may be shown in years, months, days etc., and will be their dasa periods.
33. The dasa periods of each of the serveral planets should be calculated in this manner. According to the author the method of calculating the dasa periods by the Ashtakavarga process is the best of all.
3435. In the sarvashtakavarga the figures indicating the number of benefic Hindus in the 12 houses reckoned from —
(1) 
The Sun are 3,3,3,3,2,3,4,5,3,5,7,2 
= 
43 
(2) 
The Moon 2,3,5,2,2,5,2,2,2,3,7,1 
= 
36 
(3) 
Mars 4,5,3,5,2,3,4,4,4,6,7.2 
= 
49 
(4) 
Mercury 3,1,5,2,6,6,1.2,5,5,7,3 
= 
46 
(5) 
Jupiter 2.2,1,2,3,4,2,4,2,4,7,3 
= 
36 
(6) 
Venus 2,2,3,3,3,4,4,2,3,4,3,4,3,6,3 
= 
40 
(7) 
Saturn 3,2,4.4,4,3,3,4,4,4,6,1 
= 
42 
(8) 
Lagna 5,3,5,5,2.6,1,2,2,6,7,1 
= 
45 

Total Sarvashtakavarga figure 
= 
537 
36. The Ashtakavarga system considered as the most effective for all undertakings. There is no other way to determine the good or bad result of any of the event at any time.
37. The signs which have 30 or more benefic bindus always prove benefic. The effect will be medium or benefic for bindus between 25 and 30. The houses containing less than 25 will cause misery.
38. The native will acquire wealth and will be happy if in his nativity, the number of benefic bindus in the 11th house of the sarvashtakavarga exceeds the number of bindus in the 10th house and the figure in the 12th less than that of the 11th, and the figure in the lagna more than that of the 12th.
39. In whichever houses from the lagna to the 12th house the number of benefic bindus are more, good results may be expected in the course of the transits, when the number is less, only adverse effects will come to pass.
40. The principle laid down in the previous verse is applicable only to houses other than the 6th, the 8th and the 12th. All auspicious functions and ceremonies should be performed during the transits through the signs which contain greater number of benefic bindus
4142 The figures in the houses reckoned from the Lagna to Saturn, both inclusive, should be added up and the figure so arrived at, be multiplied by 7 and the product be divided by 27.
The native will suffer from some calamity or disease in the year signified by the quotient. The same process may be adopted in regard to the houses reckoned from Saturn to the Lagna. This principle would also apply to Mars and Rahu and the years worked out by the method indicated above will bring adverse events for the native.
43. The year indicated by the figure obtained by (1) adding the number of benefic bindus in the houses occupied by benefic planets and (2) then multiplying the same by 7 and (3) dividing the product by 27, will be the year when auspicious events will take place, such as, acquiring of issues, wealth and happiness.
44. In this verse the author concludes to say that in this chapter he has described the effects due to Ashtakavarga. The same have been treated in greater detail in other works by the learneds in this divine science.
Notes—Readers are advised to refer to Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra and Jataka Parijata published by Ranjan Publications.
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