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Chapter 4

The various kinds of Strengths of Planets and Houses


This Chapter deals with as to how to assess the strength of the planets and houses (bhavas). In this connection before mentioning the view of Shri Mantreswara, it will be useful to know the views of other ancients.

Six kinds of strength of planets is an important and very instructive contribution of Hindu Astrology. According to our sapient learneds the six kinds of strengths are (1) Sthan Bala, (2) Drik Bala, (3) Kala Bala, (4) Chesta Bala, (5) Naisargik Bala, and (6) Ayana Bala.

Sthan Bala — This is of the following twelve kinds:—

(1) Uchcha Bala —A planet at his deep exaltation point, is allotted 1 Rupa (60 Shastayamsa). If he is at his deep debilitation point, his strength is nil. At the intervening positions the strength has to be worked out by the rule of three. This is known as Uchcha Bala.

(2) If a planet is in his Moolatrikona Rasi he gets 36 Shastayamsa of strength. In the Rasi of Adhimitra he gets 22.5 Shastayamsa and 15 Shastayamsa if he is in the sign of a friend. He gets 7.5 Shastayamsa in a neutral Rasi, 3.75 in the Rasi of an enemy and 1.875 Shastayamsa in the Rasi of Adhishatru.

(3) He gets 30 Shastayamsa in his own Hora, 22.5 Shastayamsa in the Hora of Adhimitra, 15 Shastayamsa in the Hora of a friend, 7.5 Shastayamsa in the Hora of a neutral, 3.75 Shastayamsa in the Hora of an enemy and 1.875 Shastayamsa only in the Hora of a Adhishatru.

(4) He gets 30 Shastayamsa strength in his own decanate, 22.5 Shastayamsa in the decanate of an Adhimitra, 15 Shastayamsa in the decanate of a friend, 7.5 Shastayamsa in the decanate of a neutral, 3.75 Shastayamsa in the decanate of an enemy and 1,875 Shastayamsa in the decanate of Adhishatru.

(5) He gets 30 Shastayamsa in his own Saptamsa, 22.5 in the Saptamsa of Adhimitra, 15 in the Saptamsa of a friend, 7.5 in the Saptamsa of a neutral, 3.75 in the Saptamsa of an enemy and 1.875 Shastayamsa in the Saptamsa of an Adhishatru.

(6) He gets 30 Shastayamsa of strength in his own Navamsa. 22.5 in the Navamsa of an Adhimitra, 15 in the Navamsa of a friend. 7.5 in the Navamsa of a neutral, 3.75 in the Navamsa of an enemy and only 1.875 in the Navamsa of an Adhishatru.

(7) A planet gets 30 Shastayamsa of strength if he is in own Dwadasamsa, 22.5 in the Dwadasamsa of his Adhimitra, 15 in the Dwadasamsa of a friend, 7.5 in the Dwadasamsa of his neutral, 3.75 in the Dwadasamsa of his enemy and 1.875 in the Dwadasamsa of his Adhishatru.

(8) A planet gets 30 Shastayamsa in his own Trimsamsa, 22.5 in the Trimsamsa of his Adhimitra, 15 in the Trimsamsa of his friend, 7.5 in the Trimsamsa of his neutral, 3.75 in the Trimsamsa of his enemy and 1.875 in the Trimsamsa of his Adhishatru.

(9) (a) The Sun, Mars, Mercury and Saturn amongst those five whoever is in an Oja Rasi (viz. Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius and Aquarius) gets 15 Shastayamsa.

(b) Amongst the Moon and Venus, whoever is in Yugma (Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn or Pisces) Navamsa, gets 15 Shastayamsas.

(11) A planet in Kendra Rasi gets 1 Rupa (60 Shastayamsa). That in a Panaphara Rasi gets 30 Shastayamsa and on an Apoklima Rasi gets 15 Shastayamsa.

(12) (a) Amongst the Sun, Mars and Jupiter whoever is in the first Drekkana gets 15 Shastayamsa of strength. In other Drekkanas they get no strength at all.

(b) Amongst Saturn and Mercury, whoever is in the 2nd Drekkana, gets 15 Shastayamsa of strength.

(c) Amongst the Moon and Venus, whoever is in the last Drekkana. gets 15 Shastayamsa of strength.

These 12 combinations are known as Sthan Bala. In Sanskrit they are called, (1) Uchcha Bala, (2) — (8) Saptavarga Bala, (9) Oja Yugma Rasi Bala. (10) Oja-Yugma navamsa Bala, (11) Kendradi Bala and (12) Dreshtakana Bala.

Drik bala (Directional strength)

(a) Amongst the Sun and Mars, whoever Is the 10th Bhava madhya (South) gets 1 Rupja strength. Their strength is nil if they are located in the 4th Bhava madhya. In the intervening locations, the strength has to be calculated proportionately.

(b) Amongst the Moon and Venus, whoever is in 4th Bhava madhya (North) gets 1 Rupa of strength. Their strength is nil if they are located in the 10th Bhava madhya. In the intervening locations their strength has to be calculated proportionately.

(c) Amongst Mercury and Jupiter, whoever is in the Bhava madhya of the 1st Bhava (Lagna) (East) get 1 Rupa of strength. Their strength is nil if located in 7th Bhava madhya (West).

(d) If Saturn is in the 7th Bhava madhya, he gets 1 Rupa of strength. In the 1st Bhava madhya his strength is nil. In the intervening locations the strength has to be calculated proportionately.

Kala Bala

This is admixture of the kinds of strength as described below: —

(1) (a) The Sun, Jupiter and Venus get 1 Rupa of strength exactly at mid-noon. Exactly at mid-night they are devoid of any strength. For the intervening periods the strength has to be calculated proportionately.

(b) The Moon, Mars and Saturn get one Rupa of strength if the birth is exactly at mid-night. Exactly at mid-noon, their strength is nil. For the intervening periods, the strength has to be calculated proportionately.

(c) Mercury gets one Rupa of strength if the birth be at any time during the day time.

(2) (a) When the Sun and the Moon are at a distance of 180° from each other, the benefics get one Rupa of strength. When they are together the benefics get no strength at all. For the intervening distances, the strength has to be calculated proportionately.

The Moon, Mercury, Jupiter and Venus are benefics. Keshavi Jatak is of the view that Mercury if associated with a malefic becomes a malefic. But some Acharyas are of the view that for determining kala Bala Mercury should be treated as a benefic. We support this view.

(b) When the Sun and the Moon are In the same sign and the same degree, the malefics get 60 Shastayamsa (one Rupa of Kala Bala). If they are (the Sun and the Moon) 180° away from each other, the Kala bala of the malefics will be nil In the intervening distances, the strength is to be worked out proportionately.

The Sun, Mars and Saturn are malefics.

This strength is known as Paksha Bala which comes under the purview of Kala Bala.

(c) The Paksha Bala of the Moon should be doubled (the Moon is never retrograde. Therefore it never gets Chesta Bala. Therefore, Paksha Bala of the Moon is doubled).

(3) (a) Divide the Dinamana (the time between Sunrise and Sunset) into three parts, if the birth is during the day. If the birth be in the first part Mercury will get one Rupa of Paksha Bala. If the birth be in the second part of Dinamana, the Sun will get one Rupa of Paksha Bala. If the birth be in the 3rd part, Saturn will get one Rupa of this strength.

(b) Divide the Ratrimana (the time between Sunset and Sunrise) into three parts, if the birth be during the night. If the birth be in the first part, the Moon will get one Rupa of strength. If the birth be in the second part, Venus will get one Rupa of this strength, and if the birth be in the third part Mars will get similar quantum of strength.

(c) Jupiter will get one Rupa of this strength if the birth be at any time during the 24 hours.

(4) One year is of 360 days and one month is of 30 days Find out the day of the week from which the year commences, the lord of that day becomes the lord of the year. The lord of the year gets 15 Shastayamsa of strength.

(5) Similarly find out the day of the week from which the month commences, the lord of that day gets 30 Shastayamsa of strength.

(6) The lord of the day in which birth takes place, gets 45 Shastayamsa of strength.

(7) The planet in whose hora the birth takes place gets one Rupa of strength.

Ayana Bala

(8) From the centre line of the sky some planets are in the north. Then they are said to have northern declination. If they are in the South they are said to have southern declination. One exactly on the centre line has no declination.

(a) If the Sun, Moon, Jupiter and Venus have 24° of northern declination they get 1 Rupa of Ayana Bala. This strength is nil if they have 24° of southern declination. For the intervening declinations, the strength has to be looked proportionately.

(b) The Moon and Saturn get one Rupa of Ayana Bala when they have 24° of Southern declinations. For the intervening declinations, the strength has to be worked out proportionately.

(c) Mercury has been given special consideration in this respect. He gets 30 Shastayamsa of Ayana Bala if his declination is 0 degree. The strength increases with the increase in declination from 0°-24° and he will get one Rupa of Ayana Bala when he has 24° of northern declination. He also gets one Rupa of strength when his southern declination is 24°. For the intervening degrees of northern and southern declinations, the strength has to be calculated proportionately.

(d) The Ayan Bala obtained by the Sun is to be doubled because the Sun is always direct and never retrograde. As he does not get any Chesta Bala, his Ayana Bala is doubled.

Yudha Bala

(9) This is the ninth kind of strength under the heading 'Kala Bala'. Besides the Sun and the Moon if amongst the other planets (Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn) any two be in the same Rasi, degree and minute, they are considered to be at war. For the method to work out Yudha Bala, refer to Sripati Padhati, Keshavi Jataka or Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra.

Chesta Bala

The Sun and the Moon are never retrograde in their motions. The remaining planets viz. Mars, Mercury, Jupiter. Venus and Saturn have both direct and retrograde motions. The strength which the planets obtain by virtue of their motions is called Chesta Bala (Motional strength). To work out this strength the facts regarding Mandoucha, Kshetra and Kendra etc., have to be worked out. This involves lot of arithmetical calculations. It is not possible to give those details here for lack of space. Still some information in this regard is given below —

(a) If the planet is retrograde he gets 60 Shastayamsa (one Rupa) of strength.

(b) If he is Anuvakra he gets 30 Shastayamsa of strength.

(c) If he is Vikala, he gets 15 Shastayamsa of strength.

(d) If he is in Samagama, he gets 30 Shastayamsa of strength.

(e) If he is Manda (This means motion be increasing but be less than the medium motion) and direct he gets 15 Shastayamsa of strength.

(f) If he is Mandatara (The motion be decreasing but be more than the medium motion) and direct, he gets 15 Shastayamsa of strength).

(g) If the motion be fast and be direct, he gets 45 Shastayamsa of strength.

(h) If motion be faster, and direct, he obtains 30 Shastayamsa of strength.

Naisargik Bala (Inherent strength)

This strength is inherent in the planet and never changes.

The Naisargik Bala of the Sun is 60 Shastayamsa, of the Moon 51.3, of Venus 42.85, of Jupiter 34.28, of Mercury 25.70, of Mars 17.14 and of Saturn 8.57 Shastayamsa.

Drig Bala

This kind of strength is derived from aspect. If a planet is aspected by benefics, the aspect is considered as benefic (favourable). To work out the strength of aspect, the difference in degrees etc., of the aspecting and aspected planet has to be worked out arithmetically.

If any planet is aspected by malefics, the aspect is treated as malefic (unfavourable). The strength of the aspect is to be worked out arithmetically. For details see Sripati Padhati.

Bhava Bala (The strength of houses or Bhavas)

In working out the strength of houses the strength of the following has to be calculated —

(1) The strength of the lord of the house.

(2) The Dik Bala of the house

(3) The strength of the benefic aspects.

Bhava Dik Bala

(a) Gemini, Virgo, Libra and first part of Sagittarius are biped signs. If these signs be in the Lagna, they obtain one Rupa of strength. If they be in the 7th, the strength will be nil. For the intervening houses, the strength has to be worked out proportionately.

(b) Aries, Taurus, Leo, the latter half of Sagittarius and the first half of Capricorn are quadruped signs. If they represent the 10th house, they achieve one Rupa of strength. In the 4th house, their strength will be nil. In between other houses the strength has to be calculated proportionately.

(c) Cancer and Scorpio are Keeta signs. If they represent the 7th house, they get one Rupa of strength. In the first house, their strength will be nil. For the intervening houses, the strength has to be calculated proportionately.

(d) Pisces and the latter half of Capricorn are watery signs (Jala Rasis). If they represent the fourth house, they obtain one Rupa of strength. In the 10th house their strength will be nil. For the intervening houses the strength will have to be calculated proportionately.

Auspicious and Inauspicious Drishti (as per Bold)

If there be more of benefic aspect on a house, deduct quantum of malefic aspect from it and the strength of the lord of the house and add Bhawa Dik Bala to it. The result will be the total strength of the house.

If the malefic aspects are more than the benefic aspects, deduct the quantum of the latter from that of the former. Further deduct the result from the total of the strength of the lord of the house and Bhava Dik Bala. The net result will be the strength of the house (Bhava) concerned.

Please refer to Jataka Padhati by Bhu Deva for determining the quantums of malefic and benefic aspects. Keshavi Jataka and Sripati Padhati will also be helpful.

Now we come to Shri Mantreswara's views on this subject as given in the following verses in Chapter 4 of Phaladeepika.

1. A planet is said to possess six kinds of strength which are in the following order —

(1) Kalay or temporal.

(2) Chesta Bala or motional strength.

(3) Uchcha or that derived from its exaltation position.

(4) Dik or directional strength

(5) Ayana or that derived from declination (north or south).

(6) Sthana Bala or positional strength.

Mars, the Moon and Venus are strong during the night time. Mercury is strong all the 24 hours. The rest viz., the Sun, Jupiter and Saturn are strong during the day time.

The benefics are strong during the bright half of the month (Shukla Paksha) and the malefics are strong during the dark half of the month (Krishna Paksha).

Planets when they are lords of the year, month, day and house get 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, and 1 Rupa of strength respectively.

2. The Moon gets Chesta Bala when it is full. The Sun gets this strength when he is on the northern course. The other planets get Chesta Bala when they are in retrograde motion.

The planets are victorious in the planetary course when they are in the north and are not combust. A planet is said to possess full Uchcha Bala when he is in deep exaltation position.

As regards directional strength or Dik Bala the Sun and Mars get this strength when they are in the 10th house. Mercury and Jupiter get directional strength when they are in the 1st house (Lagna), Saturn gets this strength in the 7th house and the Moon and Venus in the 4th house.

Mercury, Saturn and the Moon get Ayana bala when they are on the Southern course. The rest are vested with Ayana bala when they are on the northern course.

3. A planet gets Sthana Bala (positional strength) according to position in his sign of exaltation, in his own sign, in his friend's sign or in the six vargas.

A planet obtains one Rupa of strength in a Kendra, 1/2 Rupa in a Panaphara house and 1/4 in an Apoklima house.

The hemaphrodite planets are strong in the middle of the sign (11° to 20°), male planets in the first part of a sign (1° to 10°) and female in the last part of the sign (21° to -30°).

Saturn, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, the Moon and the Sun are in their natural or inherent strength (Nalsarglk Bala). This means Mars is stronger than Saturn, Mercury is stronger than Mars, Jupiter is stronger than Mercury, Venus is stronger than Jupiter; the Moon is stronger than Venus and the Sun is stronger than the Moon. The Sun is the strongest and the Saturn is the weakest in inherent strength or Naisargik Bala.

4. Even if a planet be in his sign of debilitation or debilitated Navamsa, he is vested with full strength if he is retrograde and if his rays are full and brilliant.

Like the Moon, a planet will be treated as weak if his rays are eclipsed (on account of being near the Sun) even though he may be posited in his sign of exaltation, in his own or a friend's sign or Navamsa. This means that even if the Moon be in Taurus or Cancer, if she is very near or with the Sun, she will be considered weak. A debilitated Moon when she is full (on Pooran masi night) will be treated as strong. This principle applies to other planets also.

5. All planets are strong when they are posited in their sign of exaltation. The Moon is strong and auspicious when she has her full Paksha Bala. The Sun has his full Dik Bala when he is in the 10th house. The other five non-luminous planets are strong when they are retrograde.

Rahu is strong in Cancer, Taurus, Aries, Aquarius and Scorpio and Ketu is strong in Pisces, Virgo, Taurus and the latter half of Sagittarius and in Partvesha and Indrachapa when the Sun and the Moon are together in the same sign.

Notes. It will be useful to know at this stage now the position of Partvesha and Indrachapa is worked out.

(1) Add 4 Rasis 13 degrees and 20 minutes to the longitude of the Sun (Surya) Spasta. The result will be Dhooma.

(2) By deducting 12 Rasis from Dhooma we get Vyatipata.

(3) Add 6 Rasis to the longitude of Vyatipata, we will get Partvesha.

(4) By deducting 12 Rasis from the longitude of Parivesha, we will get Indrachapa.

For example at birth the Sun's longitude is 7-26°-ll'-38". (1) Longitude of the Sun

+

7-26-11-38

4-13-20

Dhooma

(-)

0-9-31-38

12-0-0-0

0-9-31-38

Vyatipata (-)

11-20-28-22

11-20-28-32

6-0-0-0

Partvesha (-)

5-20-28-22

12-0-0-0

5-20-28-22

Indrachapa

6-9-31-38


6. The first house gets one Rupa of strength if it is a triped sign. If it be Vrischika it gets 1 /4 Rupa as its strength. In any other sign the strength will be 1/2 Rupa.

The strength of the Ascendant (Lagna) is equal to that of its Lord and is very powerful when the lord occupies an Upachaya house (3, 6, 10, 11). It is also very powerful when it .is aspected by its lord Jupiter or Mercury or when it is occupied by Venus and is at the same time without the conjunction or aspect of any other planet.

The day signs are strong in births during day time and the night signs in birth during night time.

7. If a planet is in his sign of exaltation he gets one Rupa of positional strength (Sthana Bala). He gets 3/4 of this strength in his Moolatrikona Rasi, 1/2 Rupa in his own sign and 1/4 Rupa in his friend's sign. He gets very little strength when he is in his enemy's sign. If a planet is in his sign of depression or is combust, he gets no positional strength at all.

8. The planets are vested with full positional strength in the Ascendant (first house), 3/4th strength in the 7th house, 1/2 in the 10th house and 1/4 in the 4th house. This is how a distinction has been drawn by the astrologers amongst the four kendras.

9. The aspect from the 7th house is the only one that should be considered as most effective in all cases. But some learneds are of the view that the special aspects of Jupiter (to the 5th and the 9th), of Mars (to the 4th and the 8th) and of Saturn (to the 3rd and the 10th) are equally competent in producing effects in all Yogas and the like.

10. The Naisargik or natural friendship and enmity etc. of the planets is more fully effective and preferable to their corresponding Tatkalik or temporal ones as the latter is only of changing nature and not of permanent one.

11. In warding off evil and in promoting auspicious effects Jupiter is the most powerful of all planets. Venus possesses half of the auspicious effects of Jupiter and Mercury possesses only half of that of Venus. But the Moon's strength is the foundation of the strength of all the planets.

Chandrakriya etc.

Now we will be demonstrating the method to work Chandrakriya, Chandra Avastha and Chandravelas specify their effects. In the assessment of a birth chart, query chart and for Muhurta, full consideration should be given to Chandrakriya, Chandra Avastha and Chandravelas. Chandrakriyas are 60 in number, Chandra Avasthas 12 and Chandravelas 36.

12. Note the Nakshatra at birth, query or Muhurta. The Ghatikas and Vighatikas which have elapsed may be converted into Vighatikas.

Divide this result by (1) 60, (2) 300 and (3) 100. The three resulting quotients are named (1) Chandrakriya, (2) chandra Avastha and (3) Chandravela respectively. Their effects are described below.

Effects of Chandrakriyas

The following are the effects of the 60 Chandrakriyas:

13-15. (1) Loss of position, (2) One practising austerities, (3) One who has bad intentions towards other persons' wives, (4) Gambler, (5) One who is mounted on a prominent elephant, (6) One who is installed on a throne, (7) A king, (8) Destroyer of enemies, (9) Commander of an army, (10) Equipped with good qualities, (11) One that is dead or without any energy, (12) One whose head is severed, (13) One who has injured head and feet, (14) One who is captured (imprisoned), (15) One who is spoilt, (16) A king. (17) One who studies the Vedas, (18) One who sleeps, (19) Virtuous, (20) One who acts according to Dharma, (21) One who belongs to a good family, (22) One who unearths a treasure, (23) One who belongs to a family of renowned and learned persons, (24) One clever in exposition, (25) Destroyer of enemies, (26) Sickly, (27) Conquered by enemies, (28) One who has left his native land, (29) A servant, (30) One whose all wealth has been destroyed, (31) A number of royal assemblies, (32) A good minister or adviser, (33) One who has become lord of other persons lands. (34) One who is faithful to his wife, (35) One who is afraid of elephants, (36) Coward, (37) One who Is very afraid, (38) One who lives in hiding. (39) One who feeds others, (40) One who falls down in a Ore, (41) One who is hungry, (42) One who is eating, (43) Wanderer, (44) Non-vegetarian, (45) One who is wounded by a weapon, (46) Married, (47) One with a ball in his hand, (48) A gambler. (49) A king, (50) One who is unhappy, (51) One who has lying on a couch, (52) One who is served by his enemies, (53) One who has friends, (54) A Yogi, (55) One who is with his wife, (56) One who is fond of sweets, (57) One who drinks milk, (58) One who performs pious deeds, (59) Healthy and (60) Happy.

Effects of Chandra Avasthas

16. The following are declared by the wise as the effects of the 12 Avasthas the Moon:

(1) Absent from one's home, (2) Favourite of a prominent king, (3) Loss of life in slavery, (4) Distinguished for becoming a ruler, (5) Equipped with qualities appropriate for his family, (6) Sickly, (7) Becoming member of a royal assembly, (8) Fear, (9) Bitten with hunger, (10) Marriage with a young maiden, (11) Ambitious to have a luxurious bed and (12) Eating good and delicious food.

Effects of Chandravelas

17-10. The following are the effects of 36 Chandravelas as declared by the wise:

(1) Headache, (2) happiness, (3) performing a yagna, (4) sitting delighted and comfortably, (5) eye diseases, (6) to be happy, (7) amusement with young damsels, (8) high fever, (9) gold ornaments, (10) having tears in the eyes, (11) taking poison, (12) cohabitation, (13) stomache ailments, (14) amusing oneself in water, merriment and painting, (15) anga. (16) dancing, (17) rating gftee, (18) sleeping, (19) to offer charities, (20) dental troubles, (21) quarrel, (22) travelling. (23) intoxication or insanity, (24) swimming, (25) opposition, (26) bathing according to will, (27) hunger, (28) fear. (29) studying shastras, (30) acting according to own will, (31) meeting friends and gossiping with them, (32) fighting, (33) sacred deeds, (34) indulging in sinful deeds, (35) perfect in cruel action, and (36) exaltation.

Notes: Now we give below ready made tables for finding out the Chandrakriyas, Chandra avasthas and Chandravelas.

Chandrakriya

60 parts of a Nakshatra to find out Chandrakriya

The stretch of a Nakshatra is 13°-20'. One sixtieth part of which will be 13'-20"


D M S


D M S


D M S


D M S

(1)

0-13-20

(16)

3-33-20

(31)

6-53-20

(46)

10-13-20

(2)

0-26-40

(17)

3-46-40

(32)

7-6-40

(47)

10-26-40

(3)

0-40-0

(18)

4-0-0

(33)

7-20-0

(48)

10-40-0

(4)

0-53-20

(19)

4-13-20

(34)

7-33-20

(49)

10-53-20

(5)

1-6-40

(20)

4-26-40

(35)

7-46-40

(50)

11-6-40

(6)

1-20-0

(21)

4-40-0

(36)

8-0-0

(51)

11-20-0

(7)

1-33-20

(22)

4-53-20

(37)

8-13-20

(52)

11-33-20

(8)

1-46-40

(23)

5-6-40

(38)

8-26-40

(53)

11-46-40

(9)

2-0-0

(24)

5-20-0

(39)

8-40-0

(54)

12-0-0

(10)

2-13-20

(25)

5-33-20

(40)

8-53-20

(55)

12-13-20

(11)

2-26-40

(26)

5-46-40

(41)

9-6-40

(56)

12-26-40

(12)

2-40-0

(27)

6-0-0

(42)

9-20-0

(57)

12-40-0

(13)

2-53-20

(28)

6-13-20

(43)

9-33-20

(58)

12-53-20

(14)

3-6-40

(29)

6-26-40

(44)

9-46-40

(59)

13-6-40

(15)

3-20-0

(30)

6-40-0

(45)

10-0-0

(60)

13-20-0


For example in a nativity the longitude of the Moon (Chandraspasta) is 11-20-37-21 and the stretch of Revti Nakshatra being from 11-16-40 to 12-0-0:

Longitude of the Moon 11-20-37

Commencement of Revti 11-16-40

Elapsed portion of Revti 3-57-21

By referring to the above table we will find that the 17th part ended at 3-46-40 and the 18th part will end at 4-0-0. Therefore by the elapsing of 17th part the effect of its Chandrakriya viz one. Who studies vedas' will be taken into account which means that the native will be a learned person.

Chandra Avastha

For finding out Chandra Avastha the stretch of a Nakshatra has to be divided into 12 parts. Thus one part will come to 1-6-40.


D M S


D M S


D M S

(1)

1-6-40

(5)

5-33-20

(9)

10-0- 0

(2)

2-13-20

(6)

6-40-0

(10)

11-6- 40

(3)

3-20-0

(7)

7-46-40

(11)

12-13-20

(4)

4-26-40

(8)

8-53-20

(12)

13-20- 0


For example the elapsed portion of Revti Nakshatra Is 3°-57'-21". The third part ends at 3°-20-0 The 4th part will end at 4°-26'-40". Therefore the effect of 4th part will be taken into account which is 'distinguished for becoming a ruler'.

Chandravela

For finding out the Chandravela the stretch of a Nakshatra viz 13°-20' has to be divided into 36 parts. One part will thus come to 13'-13"-20"



DMS


DMS


DMS


(1)

0-22-13-20

(13)

4-48-53-20

(25)

9- 15-33-20


(2)

0-44-26-40

(14)

5-11-6-40

(26)

9-37-46-40


(3)

1-6-40- 0

(15)

5-13-20-0

(27)

10-0-0-0


(4)

1-28-53-20

(16)

5-55-13-20

(28)

10-22-13-20


(5)

1-57-6-40

(17)

6-17-46-40

(29)

10-49-26-40


(6)

2-13-20- 0

(18)

6-40-0- 0

(30)

11-6-40-0


(7)

2-35-33-20

(19)

6-2-13-20

(31)

11-28-53-20


(8)

2-57-46-40

(20)

7-24-26-40

(32)

11-51-6-40


(9)

3-20-0-0

(21)

7- 46-40- 0

(33)

12-13-20-0

(10)

3-42-13-20

(22)

8-8-53-20

(34)

12-35-33-20


(11)

4-4-26-40

(23)

8-31-6-40

(35)

12-57-46-40


(12)

4-26-40-0

(24)

8-53-20-0

(36)

13-20-0-0



For example if the elapsed portion of Revati Nakshatra is 3°-57'-21". Part 10 ends 3°-42'-13"-20". Part 11 ends 4°-4'-26"-40". Therefore it falls in 11th part. The effects of this 'taking poison' which means the nature is fed up with life and wants to get rid of it.

20. The Chandrakriya, Chandra Avastha and Chandravela described above will be found very useful and effective in the case of a birth, muhurta and a quary. One ought therefore to pay particular attention to them before making any prediction.

21. Paksha Bala (fortnightly strength) is of special importance to the Moon and Sthana Bala is of some importance to the other planets. When this strength added to other kinds of strength of a planet, it will add more strength to that planet. There are many such types of strength.

Number of Bala Pinda

22. The Sun is said to be strong where he obtains 6.5 Rupas of strength. The Moon is strong with 6 Rupas, Mars with 5 Rupas, Mercury with 7 Rupas, Jupiter with 8.5 Rupas, Venus with 5.5 Rupas.

23. Saturn is declared strong with 5 Rupas of strength. If Shadbala Pinda of planet be less than the strength number given above, he will be considered weak. In this manner the strength of each planet should be taken into account before making prediction.

Notes: It has already been indicated above what should be the strength of a planet under Shad Bala scheme, to be declared strong. Now we consider it useful to describe the views of other authorities as to when he should be declared strong on the basis of the five kinds of strength viz. (1) Sthan Bala, (2) Dik Bala, (3) Chesta Bala, (4) Kala Bala and (5) Ayana Bala. We have not mentioned Naisargika Bala because it is always the same in every birth chart. The following table shows how much strength is required for the various planets to be declared strong:


Planet

Sthan

Dik

Chesta

Kala

Ayana

Total


RS

RS

RS

RS

RS

RS

Sun

2-45

0-35

0-50

1-52

0-30

6-32

Moon

2-13

0-50

0-30

1-40

0-40

5-53

Mars

1-16

0-30

0-40

1-7

0-20

4-13

Mercury

2-45

0-35

0-50

1-52

0-30

6-32

Jupiter

2-45

0-35

0-50

1-52

0-30

6-32

Venus

2-13

0-50

0-30

1-40

0-40

5-53

Saturn

1-36

0-30

0-40

1-7

0-20

4-13


24. To ascertain the strength of the Lagna and other house add one Rupa to the strength of the lord of the Bhava concerned. Further add to them the Dik Bala and Drig Bala of that house. The sum total would be the Bhava Bala required.

Notes: If the Bhava is aspected or associated with its lord, Jupiter. Venus or Mercury or be aspected by Jupiter or Mercury, the strength so obtained should also be taken into account in determining the strength of a house (See verse 6 of this Chapter).

Thus ends the fourth chapter on "Determination of Shadabalas" in Phaladeeplka composed by Mantreswara.